Neon Sign Discovery, Growth and Challenges
Our enthusiasm for neon can be traced back to 1898, when the gaseous element was first discovered by two British chemists – Sir William Ramsay and Morris W. Travers. The chemists quickly discovered that neon, then stored in fragile glass tubes, emitted a striking reddish-orange light when an electric current was run through the tube.
By the early 1920s, neon lighting tubes were being used to create attention grabbing signs and displays. As neon signage became more and more popular, eye-catching neon lighting exhibits began moving from downtown car dealerships to neon billboards in Times Square, New York City. In the years following, the explosive international popularity of neon lighting pushed it into homes, shopping centres, restaurants and nightclubs.
However, the growth of the neon lighting industry has not been without setbacks. Trouble for the industry began due to a downturn in neon tube manufacturing during World War II. By the time production began to pick up in the 1950s, neon lighting was experiencing a cultural backlash after consumers began associating the lighting style with gaudy red-light districts and dilapidated urban areas. The neon industry hit more roadblocks in the 1960s when several manufacturers were accused of ignoring consumer concerns – notably the harmful side effects of neon inhalation and the hazardous fragility of heavy neon lighting tubes.
Transitions in the Neon light Industry
Although remnants of cultural disapproval continue today, the neon lighting industry has emerged relatively unscathed from its post-war challenges and is regarded once more as a leading player in signage, advertising and artistic lighting.
The most recent surge in neon lighting sales is partially driven by developments in neon LED technology. Instead of using a chemical element for illumination, neon LED devices use semiconductors and a process known as electroluminescence to emit light. The light emitted by a neon LED closely replicates the lighting style produced by traditional neon lighting tubes. Modern neon LED designs also have two key advantages over traditional neon lighting. Firstly, static LED brand advertisements and animated LED sequences can be designed more quickly and with greater complexity. Secondly, neon LED signs and displays only need 24 volts to produce a neon effect, whereas neon tubes can require as much as 15,000 volts just to emit light. Therefore, swapping neon lighting tubes with neon LED signs can significantly reduce energy expenditure and running costs.
As the technology behind neon LED lighting grows more advanced, experts are confident that LED lighting effects will continue to replace traditional neon and still deliver the warm, welcoming and relaxing style of traditional neon lights.